Jurors appear deadlocked in the seventh day in the Elizabeth Holmes trial.

The jurors sent a note saying they were unable to agree on three of the 11 counts facing Ms. Holmes, the founder of the blood-testing start-up Theranos.


Theranos founder Elizabeth Holmes with her partner Billy Evans, as the jury deliberated in her fraud trial at federal court in San Jose last month.Credit…Peter Dasilva/Reuters

SAN JOSE, Calif. — Jurors in the trial of Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of the blood testing start-up Theranos, said they were unable to agree on three of the 11 counts in her fraud case as deliberations stretched into their seventh day on Monday.

The jury of eight men and four women has spent over 43 hours so far deliberating whether Ms. Holmes, 37, is guilty of two counts of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and nine counts of wire fraud. Each fraud count carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison.

On Monday morning, jurors sent a note saying they were deadlocked on three of the counts. They did not elaborate on which of the counts were at issue. The jurors had asked no questions of the court since Dec. 23, when they asked to listen to audio recordings in which Ms. Holmes allegedly misled investors about Theranos’s business relationships. They also asked to take jury instructions home, which the court denied.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Carlos Chavarria for The New York Times

Elizabeth Holmes, the disgraced founder of the blood testing start-up Theranos, stands trial for two counts of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and nine counts of wire fraud.

Here are some of the key figures in the case ->

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Stephen Lam/Reuters

Holmes founded Theranos in 2003 as a 19-year-old Stanford dropout. She raised $945 million from investors and was crowned the world’s youngest billionaire, but has been accused of lying about how well Theranos’s technology worked. She has pleaded not guilty.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

Ramesh Balwani, known as Sunny,was Theranos’s president and chief operating officer from 2009 through 2016 and was in a romantic relationship with Holmes. He has also been accused of fraud and may stand trial next year. He has pleaded not guilty.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Jefferson Siegel for The New York Times

David Boies, a prominent litigator, represented Theranos as its lawyer and served on its board.

He tried to shut down whistle-blowers and reporters who questioned the company’s business practices.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Getty Images

The journalist John Carreyrou wrote stories exposing fraudulent practices at Theranos.

His coverage for The Wall Street Journal helped lead to the implosion of Theranos.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Jeff Kravitz/FilmMagic, via Getty Images

Tyler Shultz and Erika Cheung are former Theranos employees and were whistle-blowers. They worked at the start-up in 2013 and 2014.

Shultz is a grandson of George Shultz, a former secretary of state who was on the Theranos board.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Eric Thayer for The New York Times

James Mattis, a retired four-star general, was a member of Theranos’s board.

He went on to serve as President Donald J. Trump’s secretary of defense.

Who’s Who in the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin Woo?Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Edward Davila, a federal judge for the Northern District of California, will oversee the case.

Kevin Downey, a partner at the Washington law firm Williams & Connolly, is the lead lawyer for Holmes.

Robert Leach, an assistant United States attorney for the Northern District of California, will lead the prosecution for the government, along with other prosecutors from the U.S. attorney’s office.

Read more about Elizabeth Holmes:

Nov. 15, 2021

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Many high-profile criminal trials — including those of Travis McMichael, Gregory McMichael and William Bryan Jr., who killed Ahmaud Arbery; Kyle Rittenhouse, who shot three men in Kenosha, Wis., in 2020; and Kim Potter, the police officer who killed Daunte Wright — have come and gone since Ms. Holmes’s trial began in September. Last week, a jury found Ghislaine Maxwell guilty of conspiring with disgraced financier Jeffrey Epstein to recruit, groom and sexually abuse underage girls.

It is not unusual for deliberations in white-collar trials to be lengthy, especially in complex fraud cases in which defendants are charged with multiple counts that span multiple years. In 2007, a jury took 12 days to convict Conrad Black, a press tycoon, of fraud after a 14-week trial that involved 13 counts. Martin Shkreli, the infamous former hedge fund manager, was convicted of securities fraud after five days of deliberations in 2017 following a five-week trial.

In Ms. Holmes’s case, the jury must sift through 14 weeks of testimony and over 900 pieces of evidence as they decide whether Ms. Holmes intentionally deceived investors, patients and advertisers in the pursuit of investments and business for her blood testing start-up. Ms. Holmes founded Theranos in 2003. She dropped out of Stanford in 2004 and spent the next decade raising nearly $1 billion from investors and signing contracts with Walgreens and Safeway.

But The Wall Street Journal revealed in 2015 that Theranos’s blood-testing devices could perform only a dozen tests, contrary to Ms. Holmes’s claims of over 1,000 to investors, business partners and the public. Theranos officially shuttered in 2018 amid scandal.

For many, the saga represents the worst excesses of Silicon Valley’s start-up culture, where founders regularly stretch the truth in search of fortune and fame. Such founders, however, are rarely prosecuted.

Prosecutors called 29 witnesses as they attempted to prove that Ms. Holmes “chose fraud over business failure,” as Jeff Schenk, an assistant U.S. attorney, said during closing arguments.

The defense’s case rested primarily on Ms. Holmes’s own testimony. She said she believed her own claims and pointed fingers at her senior employees, including Ramesh Balwani, her ex-boyfriend and Theranos’s former chief operating officer. Mr. Balwani, who faces identical charges, is scheduled to stand trial beginning in February.

Dr. Anthony Fauci said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention may change its isolation guidelines again.Credit…Cheriss May for The New York Times

For many businesses, the start of the year has brought a swift reversal of return-to-office plans as coronavirus case counts surge and events are canceled. In recent days, companies from Goldman Sachs to Chevron have begun to backtrack on workplace policies. Some are telling employees to stay home with just days, or even hours, to spare before their planned returns.

As the government pushes to keep the economy open despite record cases — but lower hospitalization and death rates — it raises new questions for businesses preparing for a third year of the pandemic. Some are questioning whether previous precautions like lockdowns and social distancing are still best to keep companies running and workers safe, or whether the new variant allows for a more tailored approach.

“We want to make sure there is a mechanism by which we can safely continue to keep society functioning while following the science,” Rochelle Walensky, the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said recently.

Government policies are shifting. Dr. Anthony Fauci said Sunday that it was “much more relevant” to focus on Covid hospitalizations instead of total cases, because many infections were asymptomatic, and he was more worried about potential strains on hospital systems.

The C.D.C. has halved its recommended isolation time for asymptomatic infections to five days from 10, a move that raised criticism (and inspired memes), but Dr. Fauci said the agency may revise its guidelines yet again.

And the Biden administration is signaling that it may change the definition of “fully vaccinated” to require booster shots, a prospect that could affect what 140 million Americans can and can’t do in public.

That leaves companies with a lot to consider. Some, like Goldman Sachs, are changing their vaccination policies. The Wall Street bank will require a booster shot for all employees and visitors entering its offices beginning Feb. 1.

Employers will also need to rethink their policies if they want to bring infected workers back to the office more quickly. This makes testing the next big issue, with the Biden administration scrambling to increase supply amid shortages.

Some big firms have been buying tests in bulk to give to employees, but smaller companies may not have similar capacity. Deciding whom to prioritize for tests, who pays for them, and how to verify the results will bedevil many boardrooms in the coming months.

If Broadway shows, sporting events and conferences are anything to go by, keeping things open won’t be easy.

Travelers at O’Hare International Airport in Chicago on Thursday. Flight cancellations have been driven in large part by a winter storm.Credit…Nam Y. Huh/Associated Press

More than 2,000 flights were canceled in the United States on Monday, as bad weather, including a storm in the Washington area, and crew shortages hampered airlines.

The cancellations came on what was expected to be one of the busiest travel days of the holiday season as people make their way home from vacations. The turmoil extends an industrywide disruption that started before Christmas and peaked this weekend with more than 5,400 cancellations, representing more than 12 percent of all scheduled flights on Saturday and more than 10 percent on Sunday, according to FlightAware, a tracking service.

Southwest Airlines canceled more than 480 flights on Monday, far more than any other U.S. airline, accounting for about 13 percent of its schedule. JetBlue, a much smaller carrier, canceled an equal share of its flights, while United Airlines dropped 5 percent of its flights and Delta Air Lines shed 4 percent. In addition, more than 1,600 flights were delayed by 15 minutes or more.

The cancellations in recent days were driven in large part by a winter storm that dumped snow on Chicago, disrupting travel at the city’s two airports, as well as bad weather and storms elsewhere. On Monday, a snowstorm shuttered federal offices and schools in the Washington area, leaving hundreds of thousands without power. Bad weather, particularly in the West, had forced flight cancellations around Christmas, with the disruptions then and now exacerbated by shortages of crews who called in sick with the coronavirus.

“The nationwide spike in Omicron cases has had a direct impact on our flight crews and the people who run our operation,” United said in a statement on Saturday. “As a result, we’ve unfortunately had to cancel some flights and are notifying impacted customers in advance of them coming to the airport.”

Millions of people have boarded flights over the past two weeks, despite the fast-spreading Omicron variant, according to the Transportation Security Administration. But overall passenger volumes are still about 15 percent below prepandemic levels. Many airline executives and analysts expect passenger volumes return to 2019 levels this summer.

Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene, of Georgia.Credit…T.J. Kirkpatrick for The New York Times

Facebook on Monday suspended for 24 hours the account of Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene for spreading misinformation about the coronavirus, a day after Twitter permanently banned one of her accounts for posting a similar message.

Ms. Greene, a Georgia Republican, had posted falsely about “extremely high amounts of Covid vaccine deaths.” She published the message on Saturday as part a long post on American life “Before Covid” and “After Covid,” calling public health measures meant to stem the spread of the coronavirus into question, including testing, mask-wearing and vaccine mandates.

On Monday morning, on the alternative social messaging platform Telegram, Ms. Greene posted a screenshot of a Facebook notice that said, “You can’t post or comment for 24 hours,” and cited a violation of Facebook’s community standards.

“A post violated our policies and we have removed it, but removing her account for this violation is beyond the scope of our policies,” Aaron Simpson, a Facebook spokesman, said in a statement.

The social network has increasingly changed its content policies over past two years as the coronavirus has surged, saying in December 2020 that it would remove posts with claims that had been debunked by the World Health Organization or government agencies.

Facebook suspended Ms. Greene’s personal Facebook account, where she had published the message about vaccines. The company left her verified government account active. Twitter, which said it had banned Ms. Greene’s personal account after she had a fifth “strike,” also left her government account active.

Ms. Greene’s post cited misleading information from a government database of unverified raw data called the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, or VAERS, a decades-old system that relies on self-reported cases from patients and health care providers.

There is no evidence of widespread major side effects from the coronavirus vaccines apart from a rare blood clotting disorder linked to Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine, according to guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention last month. There have been at least nine deaths in the United States related to the disorder in the past year, leading the agency to recommend using other approved vaccines instead.

The VAERS database, which is managed by the Food and Drug Administration and the C.D.C., has been cited in many coronavirus falsehoods to push the idea that side effects from the coronavirus vaccines have been underreported. An overview of the VAERS database on the F.D.A.’s website that said VAERS reports “generally cannot be used to determine if a vaccine caused or contributed to an adverse event or illness.”

Mark Bertolini will lead Bridgewater with co-C.E.O. Nir Bar Dea.Credit…Cole Wilson for The New York Times

Bridgewater, the world’s biggest hedge fund, said on Monday that it is naming two new chief executive officers to take the reins from David McCormick, who resigned from the C.E.O. role to consider a run for the U.S. Senate.

Nir Bar Dea, the deputy chief executive of Bridgewater, and Mark Bertolini, a Bridgewater board member and former chief executive of Aetna, will now lead the hedge fund jointly.

Mr. Bar Dea, 40, is a relative unknown in the investing world. He joined the Westport, Conn., firm in 2015 and was elevated to the No. 2 role last February as part of a broader leadership shake-up. A former major in the Israeli military, he has been an architect of pandemic planning for Bridgewater, which employs around 1,500 people and manages roughly $150 billion for pensions, sovereign wealth funds and other investors.

Mr. Bertolini, 65, joined Bridgewater’s board in 2019. He was previously chief executive of Aetna, one of the nation’s largest insurers, and served in that role from 2010 through 2018 when Aetna was acquired by CVS Health in a $69 billion deal.

In an employee memo distributed late Monday morning, Bridgewater’s top executives, including billionaire founder Ray Dalio, praised Mr. Bar Dea’s track record at the firm and Mr. Bertolini’s as a seasoned global C.E.O. The executives also thanked Mr. McCormick for grooming a new generation of leadership, boasting that Bridgewater is now “largely immune to key person risks” — which is business parlance for when a company’s success is uniquely dependent on one or more executives.

Bridgewater, founded by Mr. Dalio on a shoestring in 1975, has had a tradition of appointing co-chief executives even though the structure has caused friction and frequent leadership changes. In 2017, Mr. McCormick — who had joined the firm in 2009 as its president — became co-chief executive along with Eileen Murray, who had held the role since 2009. Ms. Murray left Bridgewater in April 2020, leaving Mr. McCormick, 56, as sole chief.

Mr. Dalio, who has developed a cult following in the investing community, remains the co-chief investment officer and co-chairman of Bridgewater.

A former Army captain and McKinsey consultant, Mr. McCormick worked closely with Mr. Dalio before taking over the chief executive mantle. Unlike Mr. Dalio — an investment expert with a well-known management philosophy built on principles like internal transparency — Mr. McCormick focused on broader corporate issues, business associates said, like global positioning, retaining and recruiting new clients.

Now expected to run for Senate as a conservative Republican in his native Pennsylvania, Mr. McCormick is no stranger to politics. He served in several roles during the George W. Bush administration. Mr. McCormick’s wife, Dina Powell McCormick, a senior executive at Goldman Sachs, served on the National Security Council under President Donald J. Trump.

An unfinished residential development by China Evergrande Group in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, in October.Credit…Reuters

Trading in the shares of the indebted property developer China Evergrande Group were suspended on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange Monday morning as the company raced to deliver apartments to millions of home buyers and raise cash to manage its $300 billion in debt.

Evergrande said in a filing that its shares were halted pending an announcement “containing inside information,” without giving more details. The company had halted its shares once before, in October, as it tried to finalize the sale of a $2.6 billion stake in its property management unit.

That deal ultimately fell through.

The giant property developer entered into default last month after failing to make a final debt payment to foreign investors. The company owes an estimated 1.6 million apartments to home buyers and is facing dozens of lawsuits.

Although Evergrande has yet to solve its cash squeeze, it pledged last week to finish building 39,000 apartments before the end of 2021. The announcement sent Evergrande shares soaring, but they dropped the next day after the company failed to meet another payment deadline on its foreign debt.

On Friday, Evergrande appeared to revise its plan to repay investors in its wealth management unit, promising to make monthly payments of about $1,260 to each investor for three months. It had previously not given a specific repayment amount. In its statement to wealth management investors on Friday, Evergrande said that it plans to “actively raise funds,” and added that the situation was not “ideal.”

At one point, as many as 80 percent of Evergrande employees were asked to put money into wealth management products to help fund its operations. In September, Evergrande employees, contractors and home buyers protested outside company offices and government buildings.

Government officials joined a risk committee created in December to help steer Evergrande and restructure the company.

Stocks on Wall Street drifted higher on Monday, the first trading session of what many investors expect could be a bumpy ride in 2022.

The S&P 500 was up 0.3 percent in midday trading after ending 2021 with a gain of nearly 27 percent, while the Nasdaq composite rose about 0.8 percent.

Wall Street is bracing for higher interest rates in 2022 after the Federal Reserve announced it would pull back more quickly on its efforts to support the economy. An increase in interest rates could discourage investing in riskier assets, like stocks, with investors leaning toward the relative safety of government bonds.

Also in focus is the outlook for inflation. Economists expect price gains to cool this year, as supply chain disruptions ease. Through most of 2021, higher shipping costs, transportation backlogs and manufacturing interruptions led to a jump in the cost of consumer goods.

If interest rates rise this year, raising the cost of borrowing, the demand for goods and services will decrease, leading to a slowdown in inflation.

In the bond market, the yield on 10-year U.S. Treasury notes soared 11 basis points on Monday to 1.62 percent, its highest since late November. Concerns over the spread of the Omicron variant of the coronavirus are looming over investors’ minds, with the U.S. recording an average of over 405,000 a day, as they consider how it could threaten the ongoing economic recovery.

“Investors are now beginning to factor in a slower growing global economy, near term disruptions due to Omicron, and decisively more hawkish central banks,” said Anu Gaggar, global investment strategist for Commonwealth Financial Network. “The spread of the Omicron variant could lead to more supply chain disruptions and labor shortages as workers deal with infections.”

The value of the tech giant Apple reached $3 million in midday trading on Monday, becoming the first publicly traded company to ever reach the figure. Apple now accounts for nearly 7 percent of the total value of the S&P 500. Shares of the company were up about 2.7 percent after hitting the record valuation.

Airline stocks were among the best performers in the S&P 500 despite a wave of flight cancellations during the busy holiday travel season. American Airlines and United Airlines rose more than 4 percent in midday trading, while Southwest Airlines was up 2.3 percent.

Shares of Tesla rose more than 11 percent in midday trading after the company announced on Sunday that it delivered 936,000 cars in 2021, an 87 percent increase from the year before. The gain comes as many automakers face a global computer chip shortage, reducing their ability to produce as many vehicles as they had planned.

In Europe, stock indexes rose, with the Stoxx Europe 600 closing 0.5 percent higher. Asian markets were mixed, with some indexes closed for the holidays.

Oil prices rose, with West Texas Intermediate, the U.S. crude benchmark, up 1.5 percent to $76.31 a barrel.

Economists will get snapshots of how many people quit in November and how many jobs the economy added in December.Credit…Stefani Reynolds for The New York Times


Elizabeth Holmes trial: Jurors will continue deliberating in the trial of Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of the blood testing start-up Theranos. Monday will be the seventh day of deliberations. So far, the jury has submitted two questions: It asked whether it could take jury instructions home (no), and it asked to listen to audio exhibits of Ms. Holmes talking with investors.


JOLTS: Economists will get another snapshot of how many Americans are quitting their jobs when the Labor Department reports on the number of job openings in November. The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey will not capture any reactions to the emergence of the Omicron variant of the coronavirus, which didn’t begin making headlines until late in the month.


Fed minutes: The Federal Reserve will publish minutes from the Federal Open Market Committee meeting held in December, when officials decided they would cut back more quickly on the central bank’s pandemic-era stimulus as concern about high inflation grew.


Jobs report: The Labor Department will publish hiring data for December. Economists expect that 400,000 jobs were gained and that employers raised wages across the country as they looked to retain and hire workers. But economists will also look at whether the Omicron variant discouraged people from returning to the work force.

Goldman Sachs is asking its employees in the United States to work from home for the next couple of weeks.Credit…Andrew Kelly/Reuters

Goldman Sachs told its U.S. employees on Sunday to work from home for the first two weeks of the year, joining Wall Street competitors that had already given similar instructions as coronavirus cases have surged.

Employees who are able to work remotely should do so until Jan. 18 in response to rising infection rates, the investment bank said in an email to employees. The shift in policy came after the Wall Street firm announced new booster and testing requirements last week, but, unlike many of its peers, did not encourage staff to work from home.

Goldman called most workers back to the office in June, and its chief executive, David M. Solomon, is a strong proponent of working in the office. The bank has 43,000 employees, many of whom are based in its Manhattan headquarters.

New York State recorded over 85,000 new coronavirus cases on the last day of 2021, the highest one-day total in the state since the pandemic began. The Omicron variant has prompted big Wall Street companies, which have been eager to bring back workers, to delay those plans.

Before the latest surge, office attendance had remained stubbornly low as bankers staged a quiet revolt: parents are still concerned about passing the virus to their children, suburban dwellers eschew long commutes and many workers have shown that they are able to be productive while working from home.

As workers trickle back, the financial industry, which employs 332,100 people in New York City, may also have to ramp up its vaccine efforts. Eric Adams, who was sworn in as mayor of New York City early Saturday, said he would maintain his predecessor’s private-sector mandate.

Goldman currently requires people entering its buildings to be inoculated, and starting on Feb. 1, it will require a booster for all employees eligible to receive one. It had already announced that starting Jan. 10, staff coming into the office would be tested for the virus twice a week at on-site testing centers, increasing from a current requirement of once a week.

JPMorgan Chase gave staff flexibility to work from home in the first two weeks of the year, but wants them to return to in-office schedules no later than Feb. 1, according to a memo sent to employees last week.

The bank may also amend its policy on vaccinations, which it has not required so far.

“Government-issued vaccine mandates may likely make it difficult or impossible for us to continue to employ unvaccinated employees, so getting the vaccine is very important,” the memo said. The bank may soon also require a booster shot for people entering its buildings.

Citigroup expanded remote working for its U.S. employees.

“We are asking that you work from home for the first few weeks of the new year if you are able to do so,” the bank said in a memo to staff on Thursday. “We will continue to monitor the data and provide an update in January on when we expect to be back in the office.”

That guidance applied to employees in more than 30 offices around the country who had been called back since September. Employees in New York City and New Jersey were already given the option to work from home in the final weeks of the year.

Wells Fargo has postponed its return to the office, while corporate employees at Bank of America, Morgan Stanley and Deutsche Bank were given more leeway to work remotely over the holidays.

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School officials are reconsidering whether to reopen classrooms amid a nationwide surge in Covid cases.Credit…Andrea Ellen Reed for The New York Times

In two short weeks, as 2021 closed out, the Omicron variant drove coronavirus case counts to record levels, upended air travel and left gaping staffing holes at police departments, firehouses and hospitals.

And that was at a time when many people were off for the holiday season. Now comes Monday, with millions of Americans having traveled back home to start school and work again, and no one is sure of what comes next.

Most of the nation’s largest school districts have decided to forge ahead and remain open, at least for the time being, citing the toll that remote learning has taken on students’ mental health and academic success. And the rising number of cases has not yet been followed by a proportionate increase in hospitalizations and deaths, though hospitalizations have increased in recent days — a sign that the Omicron variant seems to cause fewer cases of severe illness.

But the highly contagious variant is still racing across the country, and teachers, parents and workplaces are bracing for the impact.

“I figured that over these two weeks of break, everyone has been everywhere visiting everybody,” said Teresa Morrison, 48, who plans to keep her 8-year-old daughter Tristan, who suffers from severe bronchitis, from attending in-person classes in San Antonio. “So I really just anticipate January to be a disaster.”

The rapid spread of the Omicron variant has left companies across industries — from meatpacking to retail — with a thinning work force, especially after months of record high resignations. Thousands of flights have been canceled and National Guard troops have been activated to help staff hospitals.

The spiking case counts have also flummoxed the dozens of companies that sent their employees to work from home in March 2020, as Covid was first sweeping the country. Some offices that had reopened advised workers to stay home. Others, including major companies like Apple and Google, have extended their work-from-home arrangements.

In schools, the spread of Covid-19 has been limited, but Omicron has renewed some fears just as a sense of normalcy seemed within reach.

A nuclear power station in Civaux, France.Credit…Stephane Mahe/Reuters

The European Commission is moving toward declaring some nuclear power stations and natural gas-fired power plants as green investments, opening them up for infusions of capital as Europe moves away from coal-burning generators in an effort to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

The landmark proposal would be part of a common set of definitions of what constitutes a “sustainable investment” in the European Union. If adopted, analysts predicted, it could unleash new investment money for nuclear power, Liz Alderman and Monika Pronczuk report for The New York Times.

But the proposal is subject to approval by a majority of European Union’s member states, or by the European Parliament, and some lawmakers are challenging the idea that nuclear power or natural gas should be considered green investments, akin to solar or wind power.

A draft legal text circulated in Brussels over the weekend would deem natural gas and nuclear power as “transitional” green energy sources to be used to bridge countries’ moves away from coal toward renewable energy.

“The commission considers there is a role for natural gas and nuclear as a means to facilitate the transition towards a predominantly renewable-based future,” said a statement from the commission, the European Union’s executive body.

Bas Eickhout, a Dutch lawmaker and member of the Green party, said that classifying natural gas as a green investment would mean “the entire climate leadership of the European Union is down the drain.”

The European Union has been working to ensure financial rules support the so-called Green Deal, which aims to make Europe a net-zero emitter of greenhouse gases by 2050.

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